Maternal and fetal characteristics in pregnancies complicated with gestational diabetes
M.D. Dinu, R.M. Sima, C.D. Pomană, T.I. Bobei, C.D. Stănică, G.P. Gorecki, L. Pleş
Rezumat: Introduction. The study aimed to identify complications,
risk factors and maternal and fetal follow-up associated
with gestational diabetes. Materials and method. We
analyzed 80 patients diagnosed with gestational diabetes,
compared to 20 patients who did not have this pathology,
all of them being hospitalized at the “Bucur” Maternity,
Bucharest. Results. The most frequently used treatment
(in 87.5% of cases) to control gestational diabetes was
diet-based. The majority (82.5%) of pregnant women with
gestational diabetes gave birth by caesarean section, the
most frequent indication being caesarean scar (26.25%).
The incidence of premature births in the diabetic group
was 11.25%. With a higher incidence compared to patients
without gestational diabetes, iron deficiency anemia
(77.5%) and arterial hypertension (27.5%) were also observed.
Neonatal respiratory distress had an incidence of
12.5%. Conclusions. According to this study, women with
gestational diabetes and their newborns have clinical complications
during pregnancy. Early diagnosis can prevent
and alleviate the possible complications. Cuvinte cheie: gestational diabetes, caesarean section, premature birth, arterial hypertension, respiratory distress syndrome.