REVISTA DE EDUCATIE MEDICALA CONTINUA DEDICATA GINECOLOGILOR,
OBSTETRICENILOR, MOASELOR SI ASISTENTILOR MEDICALI DIN ROMANIA

<- Home <- Arhive <- Anul 9, Nr. 34, Noiembrie_Supplement_3 2021



RevistaGinecologia9(34)72-75(2021)
© VERSA PULS MEDIA, S.R.L.


The spectrum of diseases associated with fetal alcoholism

AI Toma, RD Bogdan, TSalmen, C Grigoriu, BM Mihai, V Dima, RE Bohîlţea


Rezumat: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are preventable conditions secondary to the mother’s consume of alcohol during pregnancy, and include fetal alcohol syndrome, partial fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol-related birth defects and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder. Their prevalence is not exactly known, due to a lack of knowledge regarding the correct diagnosis and due to the pregnant women’s alcohol consumption concealment, but the estimation is that one in ten pregnant women continue to drink during pregnancy. The importance of this group of disorders is represented by the involvement of the development and functioning of the central nervous system and due to predisposition of the product of conception to alcohol dependence in adulthood. FASD management involves prevention and treatment which are important to be initiated as early as possible. Prevention recommendations include cessation of alcohol consumption, nutritional supplementation and complications’ treatment, such as “secondary disabilities”, that include inappropriate sexual behavior, disrupted school experience, trouble with the law and incarceration, homelessness, unemployment, and chronic mental health problems. By offering an early diagnosis, a stable and nurturing living environment, along with the absence of exposure to physical, sexual or other types of violence, the eligibility for social and educational services is essential. Thus, prevention is the main key in the FASD management, alongside the screening to identify the high-risk pregnant females and their referral to appropriate programs.
Cuvinte cheie: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, prevention, neurodevelopment, alcohol, pregnancy

Full Text in PDF
© 2008-2022 revistaginecologia.ro. All rights reserved
created by if else factory