REVISTA DE EDUCATIE MEDICALA CONTINUA DEDICATA GINECOLOGILOR,
OBSTETRICENILOR, MOASELOR SI ASISTENTILOR MEDICALI DIN ROMANIA

<- Home <- Arhive <- Anul 9, Nr. 34, Noiembrie 2021



RevistaGinecologia9(34)22-26(2021)
© VERSA PULS MEDIA, S.R.L.


New insights regarding the deficiency of omega-3 essential fatty acids in pregnancy and the risks to the fetus

M. Niţescu, I. Stoian, D. Nuţă, A.A. Simionescu, M. Nedelescu


Rezumat: The pregnant woman’s diet must be varied and balanced; the deficiency of some nutrients can have serious repercussions on the development of the fetus and on the health of the newborn. Omega-3 essential fatty acids are some of the most important nutrients for both the health of the pregnant woman and the newborn. This work aims to discuss current data on omega-3 essential fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency during pregnancy and lactation, as well as the possible long-term risks to the fetus and baby. Most experts recommend eating fish and seafood as the main source of omega-3 in the context of a healthful diet and regular physical activity. The beneficial effects of omega-3 essential fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation have been confirmed by a large number of clinical trials. The results of the studies were in agreement on the association of EPA/DHA with the favorable evolution of pregnancy. Enriching the diet with omega-3, before and during pregnancy, can have beneficial effects for both mother and fetus. According to EFSA (2009), an amount of 120- 340 mg of omega-3 per day is sufficient before and during pregnancy, for the beneficial effects of the cardiovascular, ocular and central nervous system. Omega-3 fatty acids ensure the development of the brain and contribute to the formation of the fetal retina and the normal psychomotor development of the fetus. Still, a sufficient intake of omega-3 fatty acids during pregnancy decreases the risk of preeclampsia, combats postnatal depression, and reduces the risk of preterm birth. The symptoms of omega-3 fatty acid deficiency during pregnancy were highlighted in children at different ages until the age of 6-8 years old: poorer results in verbal and IQ performance tests, and poorer results of communication skills and abilities.
Cuvinte cheie: polyunsaturated fatty acids, pregnancy, premature birth, neurological development, visual acuity.

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